|Google Discloses that it Receives FBI
3/5. Google released a
statement regarding its receipt of, and compliance with, National Security
Letters (NSLs) from the Federal Bureau of
It is significant merely that Google is publicly addressing this subject. Most
companies do not. Also, over many years many representatives of internet and
communications companies have refused to discuss this subject with TLJ.
However, Google's letter discloses little. For example, it states that for
the year 2012, Google received somewhere between 0 and 999 NSLs that pertained
to somewhere between 1,000 and 1,999 "Users/Accounts". For the year
2011, the numbers fell within the same ranges.
Google wrote that is used these ranges "to address concerns raised by the
FBI, Justice Department and other agencies that releasing exact numbers might
reveal information about investigations".
An NSL, which is just one of many surveillance tools available to the FBI,
enables the FBI to demand from phone companies, and anything that the FBI considers
to be an "electronic communication service", records regarding its
customers or users, such as their names, addresses, and billing information. The
FBI does not need any kind of court approval. It issues the NSL itself. However,
the FBI cannot use an NSL to listen to a phone conversation.
Also, Google wrote in its statement that it requires "that government
agencies use a search warrant if they're seeking search query information or
private content, like Gmail and documents, stored in a Google Account".
Google also stated that "people don't always use our services for good, and
it's important that law enforcement be able to investigate illegal activity.
This may involve requests for personal information. When we receive these
requests, we ... scrutinize them carefully to ensure they satisfy the law and
our policies" and "seek to narrow requests that are overly
More on NSLs. NSL authority is codified at
18 U.S.C. § 2709.
NSLs do not require a warrant or other prior court authorization, and hence, are
inherently subject to abuse, and have in fact have been widely abused. They enable the
Department of Justice's (DOJ) FBI to obtain records, including subscriber, billing
and call records of phone companies and ISPs. NSLs also apply to libraries to the
extent that they are providing an electronic communication service (ECS).
ECS is defined at 18
U.S.C. § 2510. ECS is a term created by the 1986 Electronic Communications
Privacy Act (ECPA), based upon technology as it existed prior to the enactment
of the ECPA. The application of this and other 1986 terms to current technologies
is no longer clear, and in the hands of FBI lawyers, is quite elastic and
expansive. However, one thing is clear. Google is treated as an ECS for the
purposes of Section 2709.
Section 2709 provides that "A wire or electronic communication service
provider shall comply with a request for subscriber information and toll billing
records information, or electronic communication transactional records in its
custody or possession" that is made by the FBI Director or certain other
officials at the DOJ or FBI.
NSLs require no warrant or judicial approval of any kind. They can be issued
by the FBI Director "or his designee in a position not
lower than Deputy Assistant Director at Bureau headquarters or a Special Agent
in Charge in a Bureau field office designated by the Director".
The NSL can demand production of any "name,
address, length of service, and local and long distance toll billing records of
a person or entity".
The closest thing to a standard or limitation in this section is that the
person who issues the NSL must certify in writing that the information sought
is "relevant to an authorized investigation to protect against international
terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities".
The FBI is also authorized by this section to issue a gag order that prohibits
the recipient from disclosing that it has received an NSL. This section provides
that "no wire or electronic communications service provider, or officer,
employee, or agent thereof, shall disclose to any person (other than those to whom
such disclosure is necessary to comply with the request or an attorney to obtain
legal advice or legal assistance with respect to the request) that the Federal
Bureau of Investigation has sought or obtained access to information or records
under this section." (Parentheses in original.)
The DOJ and FBI have a history of violation of Section 2709. The DOJ's
Office of the Inspector General (OIG)
released three lengthy reports in 2007, 2008 and 2010 that disclosed long running,
egregious and patently obvious disregard by the FBI for surveillance laws,
including Section 2709.
The General Counsel at the time of the violations covered by these reports
was Valerie Caproni. She is now Deputy General Counsel at
Northrop Grumman Corporation.
President Obama nominated her to be a Judge of the
U.S. District Court (SDNY) on November
14, 2012, and re-nominated her on January 3, 2013. Her nomination is pending.
For more on NSLs, FBI violation of its NSL authority, and Caproni, see
titled "Obama Nominates Caproni to District Court" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 2,474, November 19, 2012.
The DOJ/OIG surveillance abuse reports are as follows:
- January 20, 2010 redacted
report [306 pages
in PDF] titled "A Review of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Use of
Exigent Letters and Other Informal Requests for Telephone Records"
- March 13, 2008,
titled "A Review of the FBI's Use of National Security Letters: Assessment of
Corrective Actions and Examination of NSL Usage in 2006"
- March 9, 2007,
report [PDF] titled "A Review of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Use
of National Security Letters"
|EC Demands Money from Microsoft
3/6. The European Commission (EC) demanded that Microsoft give it another
561 Million Euros because Microsoft shipped some
computers without the EC mandated "browser choice screen".
The EC stated in a
"Microsoft failed to roll out the browser choice screen with its Windows 7
Service Pack 1 from May 2011 until July 2012. 15 million Windows users in the EU
therefore did not see the choice screen during this period."
The EC did not make a new finding of anti-competitive conduct. Rather, it
concluded that Microsoft violated commitments that it was compelled to make
after a previous EC finding of anti-competitive conduct.
This relates to regulatory proceedings in the US and Europe that date back to
1998, when the U.S. Department of Justice's (DOJ)
Antitrust Division sued Microsoft in
the U.S. District Court (DC). These
single firm conduct cases involve allegations of tying an operating system to an
internet browser. The DOJ wrapped up its case over a decade ago. The decade long
supervision by the District Court is over. Moreover, the market share of both
Microsoft's OS and browser have significantly eroded, and technologies have
moved on. However, the EC has not.
Joaquín Almunia, the EC's VP for Competition Policy, gave a
on March 6 in which he asserted that this matter is "very serious" and
warrants a payment of 561 Million Euros.
However, these assertions are further undercut by the fact that the foul for
which Microsoft was just fined was afoot for fourteen months before the EC or
any of Microsoft's critics, competitors or consumers, noticed anything amiss.
The EC has repeatedly demanded money from Microsoft in this long running
proceeding. The EC demanded 497 Million Euros from Microsoft back in 2004. See,
stories titled "European Commission Seeks 497 Million Euros and Code Removal from
Microsoft" in TLJ
Daily E-Mail Alert No. 863, March 25, 2004, and "European Commission
Releases Microsoft Decision" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 883, April 23, 2004.
The EC demanded another 899 Million Euros from Microsoft in 2008. See, story
titled "EC Demands More Money From Microsoft" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 1,723, February 26, 2008.
Microsoft is a US based technology company. The companies that have complained
to antitrust regulators around the world about Microsoft are mostly US companies.
Google is another US based technology company. Microsoft and other US based
companies have endeavored to induce the same regulatory wrath against Google that
it Microsoft has experienced. The EC is still conducting an antitrust investigation
of Google that is redundant of an already completed US investigation.
The EC has not yet concluded whether it will demand money from Google, and/or
order Google to change its business practices.
The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
finished its investigation of Google in January of this year. It concluded that it
will take no action against Google with respect to search bias. It also reached a
settlement with Google that imposed some minor requirements with respect to
Google's alleged abuse of standards essential patents (SEPs) for which it was
bound by FRAND commitments. See, story titled "FTC Concludes Its Investigation
of Google" in TLJ
Daily E-Mail Alert No. 2,504, January 7, 2013.
The EC also investigated and faulted Intel, another US based technology company
that also faced a parallel FTC action. See, stories titled "FTC and Intel
Settle Antitrust Claims", "FTC and Intel Settle Antitrust Claims",
and "Commentary on Antitrust Processes" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 2,018, August 4, 2010.
The EC demanded over 1 Billion Euros from Intel in 2009. See,
titled "European Commission Initiates Proceeding Against Intel Alleging
Anticompetitive Behavior" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 1,617, July 26, 2007, story titled "EC Fines Intel One Billion
Euros" in TLJ Daily
E-Mail Alert No. 1,937, May 12, 2009, and story titled "EC Releases Intel
Decision" in TLJ
Daily E-Mail Alert No. 1,986, September 22, 2009.
right) stated in the EC release that "In 2009, we closed our investigation about
a suspected abuse of dominant position by Microsoft due to the tying of Internet
Explorer to Windows by accepting commitments offered by the company. Legally binding
commitments reached in antitrust decisions play a very important role in our
enforcement policy because they allow for rapid solutions to competition problems.
Of course, such decisions require strict compliance. A failure to comply is a very
serious infringement that must be sanctioned accordingly."
Neither the FTC nor the Antitrust Division released statements regarding this
latest action by the EC, or the EC's redundant regulation of US companies generally.
Microsoft stated in a
release that "We take full responsibility for the technical error that
caused this problem and have apologized for it. We provided the Commission with
a complete and candid assessment of the situation, and we have taken steps to
strengthen our software development and other processes to help avoid this
mistake -- or anything similar -- in the future."
|OUSTR Releases 2013 Trade Policy
3/1. The Office of the U.S. Trade
Representative (OUSTR) released a
document [382 pages in PDF] titled "The President's 2013 Trade Policy
USTR Ron Kirk stated in a
release that this document "calls for continued progress and bold
This report contains rhetorical support for other countries buying more
things from the U.S., and other countries removing their barriers to free trade.
However, the Obama administration has not negotiated any
bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) that would facilitate expanded exports
and imports. Nor has it sought the trade promotion authority (TPA) that would
facilitate obtaining Congressional approval of FTAs.
However, this report states that "we will also work with Congress on Trade
This document also states that "the Administration will continue to advance
negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)" and intends "to
launch negotiations with the EU on a comprehensive Transatlantic Trade and Investment
Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-UT), ranking
Republican on the Senate Finance
Committee, stated in a
release that "Negotiations to conclude a Trans-Pacific Partnership and
launching negotiations with the European Union are promising starts. But a
strong trade agenda is more than just starting negotiations, it requires making
the tough political choices necessary to conclude them and close cooperation and
consultation with Congress to ensure any trade agreement ultimately becomes
(at right) continued that "Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) is the lynchpin that
brings these elements together. It articulates a shared trade vision for our country,
and lays out clear rules and procedures for consultation and consideration of
any trade agreement. And while I’m pleased that the White House has finally
heeded my call and is asking for its renewal, making TPA a reality requires more
than talk, it demands real leadership and action from the President. Every
President since FDR has sought this authority from Congress, because they’ve
understood that trade is good for America."
He added that "According to the World Trade Organization (WTO), an estimated
400 free trade agreements (FTA) were implemented around the world by the end of 2010,
more than half of which were negotiated since 2002. Yet the United States has only 14
agreements with 20 countries in force -- with two more under negotiation. Our
stagnant economy needs the boost that trade can provide."
Rep. Dave Camp (R-MI), Chairman of the
House Ways and Means Committee,
stated in a
release that "we’ve made significant progress in the Trans-Pacific
Partnership negotiations, and I hope that the Administration will conclude a
high-level, comprehensive agreement by October. In addition, the International
Services Agreement, a U.S.-EU trade agreement, a WTO agreement on trade
facilitation, and an expansion of the Information Technology Agreement would
bring significant gains to our sluggish economy. However, I am disappointed
that the Administration has not engaged with Congress concerning Trade Promotion
WTO ITA. The OUSTR document states that the US will "play
a leading role in negotiations to expand the scope of products covered by the
WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA). The ITA entered into force in 1997
and now covers over $4 trillion in annual global trade, according to the
Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. However, despite the
tremendous technological development and innovation in the sector over the past
16 years, the ITA’s product coverage has never been expanded. Eliminating duties
on the newer products that have been developed and the advances still to come
would provide a significant boost for U.S. technology exports and enable all
countries to benefit from increased trade flows of cutting edge products and
Intellectual Property. The OUSTR document states that the US "will
continue to seek greater market access for IP-intensive U.S. products, and to
protect job-supporting innovation in a balanced policy that benefits both
producers and users of innovative products and services worldwide." The US
will also "engage with all of our trading partners to make progress on key
IP trade-related issues."
It states that "will closely monitor implementation of China’s bilateral and
WTO commitments to respect and protect U.S. intellectual property, and will work
with China to improve intellectual property protection and enforcement".
In particularly, "we will seek prompt implementation of China’s 2012
commitments on intellectual property, including the commitments regarding the
use of legal software by Chinese enterprises, as well as audits of software on
computers used by the Chinese government. We will also closely monitor
implementation of China’s February 2012 agreement, which followed the United
States' win in a WTO dispute, to increase market access significantly for U.S.
movies being imported and shown in China’s theaters."
In TPP negotiations, the US seeks "state-of-the-art,
high-standard provisions that will protect and promote the spread of
IP-intensive products and services throughout the entire region".
It adds that the "We will continue to seek constructive input
from Congress and stakeholders on a wide range of trade issues related to the
protection and enforcement of copyrights, trademarks, patents, trade secrets,
and other forms of intellectual property. Such input helped to shape a 2012 U.S.
proposal that would, for the first time in any U.S. trade agreement, obligate
TPP Parties to seek to achieve an appropriate balance in their copyright systems
in providing copyright exceptions and limitations for purposes such as criticism,
comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research."
It also states that the US "will continue consultations with Japan on its
interest in the TPP, focusing on Japan’s readiness to meet the TPP’s high
standards and address U.S. concerns in key sectors such as automotive and
insurance. At the same time, the United States will engage with Japan through
bilateral mechanisms to reduce regulatory and other barriers to U.S. exports and
to enhance two-way trade." See also, story titled "Japan May Join TPPA
Negotiations" in TLJ Daily E-Mail Alert No. 2,527, February 25, 2013.
It also addresses the OUSTR's Special 301 process. It states that the US will
use this process "and a broad array of other trade policy tools
to identify and resolve intellectual property rights issues and related market
access issues of concern. We will continue to collaborate with our trading
partners to develop and implement solutions to issues of concern, and to
encourage reforms that support innovation and creativity through consistent
application and enforcement of the rule of law."
|This issue contains the following items:
• Google Discloses that it Receives FBI NSLs
• EC Demands Money from Microsoft Again
• OUSTR Releases 2013 Trade Policy Statement
New items are highlighted in
|Wednesday, March 6
The House will meet at 10:00 AM
for morning hour, and at 12:00 NOON for legislative business. The
House will consider HR 933
the "Department of Defense, Military Construction and Veterans Affairs,
and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013". See, Rep. Cantor's
The Senate will meet at 9:30 AM. Sen.
Reid's schedule lists consideration
of the nomination of Caitlin Halligan to be a Judge of the
U.S. Court of Appeals
RESCHEDULED FOR MARCH 14.
The Federal Communications
Communications Security, Reliability, and Interoperability Council
(CSRIC) will meet. Location: FCC, Commission Meeting Room, Room TW-C305, 445
12th St., SW.
9:30 AM. The Senate
Judiciary Committee (SJC) will hold a hearing titled "Oversight
of the Department of Justice". The witness will be Attorney General
Eric Holder. Webcast. See,
notice. Location: Room 226, Dirksen Building.
10:00 AM. The U.S.
Court of Appeals (FedCir) will hear oral argument in eBay v.
Kelora Systems, App. Ct. No. 2012-1474, an appeal from the
U.S. District Court (NDCal)
in a patent case. Location: Courtroom 201.
The House Homeland Security Committee
(HHSC) will hold a hearing titled "DHS Cybersecurity: Roles and
Responsibilities to Protect the Nation's Critical Infrastructure".
The witnesses will be
Janet Napolitano (Secretary of Homeland Security), Anish Bhimani
(Financial Services Information Sharing and
Analysis Center), Gary Haynes (Centerpoint Energy),
(Information Technology Industry Council), and Michelle Richardson (ACLU). See,
notice. Location: Room 311, Cannon Building.
Appropriations Committee's (HAC) Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice,
Science, and Related Agencies will hold a hearing on the budget for the
National Science Foundation (NSF). See,
notice. Location: Room H-309, Capitol Building.
3:00 PM. The Copyright
Office (CO) will host a presentation by
titled "50th Anniversary of Nimmer on Copyright". See,
Coolidge Auditorium, Jefferson Building, 101 Independence Ave., SE.
|Thursday, March 7
The House will meet at
The Senate will meet at 10:00 AM.
Sen. Reid's schedule lists consideration of the nomination of John
Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
8:30 AM. The
House Intelligence Committee HIC)
will hold a business meeting. See,
notice. Location: Room HVC-304, House Visitor Center.
The House Judiciary Committee's (HJC)
Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet will hold a
hearing titled "Abusive Patent Litigation: The Impact on American
Innovation & Jobs, and Potential Solutions".
The witnesses will be Mark Chandler
(Cisco Systems), Janet Dhillon (JC Penney),
John Boswell (SAS Institute),
Graham Gerst (Global IP law Group), Philip Johnson (Johnson & Johnson),
and Dana Rao (Adobe Systems). See, HJC
See also, stories titled "Rep. DeFazio and Rep. Chaffetz Introduce SHIELD
Act" and "Summary of HR 845, the SHIELD Act" in TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 2,529, March 4, 2013. Location: Room 2141, Rayburn Building.
9:00 AM - 3:30 PM. The U.S.
China Economic and Security Review Commission will hold a hearing titled
"Corporate Accountability, Access to Credit, and Access to Markets in
China’s Financial System -- the Rules and their Ramifications for U.S.
Investors". Open to the public. Free. See,
notice. Location: Room 562, Dirksen Building.
9:30 - 10:30 AM The New America
Foundation (NAF) will host a panel discussion titled "Big Data: A
Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think". The speakers
will be Kenneth Cukier (The Economist) and Viktor Schonberger (Oxford
Location: NAF, Suite 400, 1899 L St., NW.
LOCATION CHANGE. 10:00 AM.
The Senate Judiciary Committee
(SJC) will hold an executive business meeting. The agenda includes consideration
of several gun bills, and the nominations numerous judicial nominees: Sheri
Chappell (USDC/MDFl), Kenneth Gonzales (USDC/DNMex), Michael
McShane (USDC/DOre), Nitza Alejandro (USDC/EDPenn), Luis
Restrepo (USDC/EDPenn), and Jeffrey Schmehl (USDC/EDPenn). See,
notice. Webcast. Location:
Room 226, Dirksen Building.
Room 216, Hart Building.
10:00 AM. The U.S.
Court of Appeals (FedCir) will hear oral argument in Apple v.
ITC, App. Ct. No. 2012-1338, an appeal from the
U.S. International Trade Commission in
a Section 337 proceeding involving whether Motorola Mobility mobile
devices and software infringe Apple patents. The proceeding is USITC No.
337-TA-750. Location: Courtroom 203.
10:00 AM. The U.S.
Court of Appeals (FedCir) will hear oral argument in TecSec v.
IBM, App. Ct. No. 2012-1415, an appeal from the
U.S. District Court (EDVa) in
a patent infringement case involving encryption technology. Location:
2:30 PM. The Senate
Commerce Committee (SCC) and Senate
Homeland Security and Government Affairs Committee (SHSGAC) will hold a
joint hearing titled "The Cybersecurity Partnership Between the
Private Sector and Our Government: Protecting our National and Economic
Security". The SCC's
notice states that this hearing will examine President Obama's
Executive Order of February 13, 2013. See, story titled "Obama Signs
Cyber Security Order and Policy Directive" in TLJ Daily E-Mail Alert No.
2,525, February 19, 2013. Webcast. Location: Room G-50, Dirksen Building.
2:30 PM. The
Senate Intelligence Committee (SIC) will hold a closed hearing on
undisclosed topics. See,
notice. Location: Room 219, Hart Building.
|Friday, March 8
schedule states that no votes are expected in the House.
8:30 AM. The Department of Labor's (DOL)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is
scheduled to release its February 2013 unemployment data.
12:00 NOON - 1:30 PM. The Net Caucus will host a panel
discussion titled "Combating Piracy Online: The Copyright Alert System,
A Voluntary Approach". The speakers will be Jill Lesser (Center for
Copyright Information), Jerry Berman (Net Caucus), Jules Polonetsky (Future
of Privacy Forum), Gigi Sohn (Public Knowledge), Thomas Dailey (Verizon),
Mitch Glazier (Recording Industry Association of America), Marianne Grant
(Motion Picture Association of America), and Brent Olson (AT&T). Free. A
box lunch will be served. See,
Location: Room 2168, Rayburn Building.
|Sunday, March 10
EXTENDED FROM JANUARY 10. Deadline to submit comments
to the Department of Justice's (DOJ)
Antitrust Division and the Federal Trade
Commission (FTC) in connection with their joint workshop on December 10,
2012, titled "Patent Assertion Entity Activities". See,
|Monday, March 11
1:00 - 2:30 PM. The New
America Foundation (NAF) will host a panel discussion titled "Foreign
Policy for the Information Age: Managing Transparency and Volatility". The
speakers will be Lorelei Kelly (NAF), Gerald Hyman (Center for Strategic and
International Studies), Joseph Siegle (National Defense University), Jim Herlong,
Tim Maurer (NAF), and Shanthi Kalathil. See,
Location: NAF, Suite 400, 1899 L St., NW.
|Tuesday, March 12
9:00 - 10:30 AM. The
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) will host
a panel discussion titled "Implementation of the KORUS FTA: A One-Year
Anniversary Commemoration". The speakers will be John Hamre (CSIS), Donald
Manzullo (Korea Economic Institute of America), Y.J. Choi (Korea Ambassador to
the US), Kathy Stephens, Karan Bhatia (GE),
Scott Miller (CSIS), and Matthew Goodman (CSIS). See,
notice. Location: CSIS, B-1 Conference Center, 1800 K St., NW.
10:00 AM - 12:00 NOON. The
Senate Banking Committee (SBC)
will hold a hearing on the nomination of Mary Jo White to be Chairman
of the Securities and Exchange Commission
notice. Location: Room 538, Dirksen Building.
12:15 - 1:30 PM. The Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) will hold an event at which Bill Lake and other officials
from the FCC's Media Bureau will speak. Free. The FCBA states that this is an
FCBA event. Location: National Association of Broadcasters (NAB), 1771 N
2:30 PM. The
Senate Commerce Committee (SCC)
will hold a hearing titled "Oversight of the Federal Communications
notice. Location: Room 253, Russell Building.
2:30 PM. The
Senate Intelligence Committee (SIC) will hold a hearing titled "Current
and Projected National Security Threats to the United States". This event
is open to the public. See,
notice. Location: Room 216, Hart Building.
3:00 PM. The
Appropriations Committee's (HAC) Subcommittee on Financial Services and
General Government will hold a hearing on the
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The witness will be SEC
Inspector General Carl Hoecker. See,
notice. Location: Room 2359, Rayburn Building.
EXTENDED FROM FEBRUARY 19. Extended deadline to submit
reply comments to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in response to its
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) [205 pages in PDF] regarding
incentive auctions. The FCC adopted this NPRM on September 28, and
released the text on October 2. It is FCC 12-118 in Docket No. 12-268. See,
notice in the Federal Register, Vol. 77, No. 225, November 21, 2012,
at Pages 69933-69992. See also, stories titled "FCC Adopts NPRM on Incentive
Auctions" and "FCC Adopts Spectrum Aggregation NPRM" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 2,455, October 1, 2012. See, extension
notice in the Federal Register, Vol. 77, No. 239, December 12, 2012, at
Deadline to submit reply comments to the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) in response to its Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking (NPRM) regarding IP Captioned Telephone Service. This item
is FCC 13-13 in CG Docket Nos. 13-24 and 03-123. The FCC adoptd this item on
January 24, 2013, and released the text on January 25. See,
notice in the Federal Register, Vol. 78, No. 24, February 5, 2013, at
|Wednesday, March 13
10:00 AM. The
House Judiciary Committee's (HJC)
Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security and Investigations will
hold a hearing titled "Investigating and Prosecuting 21st Century
Cyber Threats". The witnesses will be __. See,
Location: Room 2237, Rayburn Building.
10:00 AM. The
House Judiciary Committee's (HJC)
Subcommittee on the Constitution and Civil Justice will hold a hearing titled
"Examination of Litigation Abuses". The witnesses will be __. See,
Location: Room 2141, Rayburn Building.
1:30 PM. The
American Enterprise Institute (AEI) will host an event titled "The
US-Japan alliance in action: Threats to thwart, opportunities to seize".
The speakers will be Michael Auslin (AEI), Jim Zumwalt (Department of State),
Yusuke Anami (Tohoku University Graduate School), Bruce Klingner (Heritage
Foundation), Tetsuo Kotani (Japan Institute of International Affairs) and
Yoshiji Nogami (Japan Institute of International Affairs). See,
notice. Location: AEI, 12th floor, 1150 17th St., NW.
2:00 PM. The
House Foreign Affairs Committee's
(HFAC) Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific will hold a hearing titled
"The Rebalance to Asia: Why South Asia Matters: Part II". The
witnesses will be Walter Lohman (Heritage
Foundation), Vikram Nehru (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace),
Sadanand Dhume (American Enterprise Institute), and Sanjay Puri (Alliance for
U.S. India Business). See,
notice. Location: Room 2172, Rayburn Building.
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