|Rep. Bono Introduces Spyware Bill
7/25. Rep. Mary Bono (R-CA) and
Rep. Edolphus Towns (D-NY) introduced
[PDF], the "Safeguard Against Privacy Invasions Act", a bill to prohibit the
distribution of certain spyware programs over the internet without notice and consent.
Bono (at right) issued a release which states the nature of the problem addressed by the
bill. It states that "When users surf the
Internet, they often unintentionally download invasive spyware. Just visiting a
web site can sometimes result in a ``drive-by download,´´ meaning the spyware is
installed on the PC simply by clicking on a website. More often, consumers
unknowingly agree to download spyware systems when they accept software
licensing agreements while downloading software from the Internet."
The bill was referred to the
House Commerce Committee, of which
both Rep. Bono and Rep. Towns are members.
The bill gives rule making and civil enforcement authority to the
Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and criminal
enforcement authority to the Department of
Definition of Spyware. What constitutes spyware is not settled.
Moreover, some programs, that consumer advocates describe as spyware, is
described otherwise by its producers and distributors.
The bill, as currently written, does little to clarify the issue. The bill
provides that "The term ``spyware program´´ means any computer program or
software that can be used to transmit from a computer, or that has the
capability of so transmitting, by means of the Internet and without any action
on the part of the user of the computer to initiate such transmission,
information regarding the user of the computer, regarding the use of the
computer, or that is stored on the computer."
The bill would leave it to the FTC to write rules that identify what spyware
Definition of Computer. The bill contains no definition of the term
"computer". Rather, it applies the very broad definition used in
18 U.S.C. § 1030
(which pertains to computer hacking).
Subsection 1030(e)(1) provides that "the term
``computer´´ means an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other
high speed data processing device performing logical, arithmetic, or storage
functions, and includes any data storage facility or communications facility
directly related to or operating in conjunction with such device, but such term
does not include an automated typewriter or typesetter, a portable hand held
calculator, or other similar device;".
Thus, the bill would appear to cover certain PDAs, cell phones,
and other devices that have access to the internet, that now exist, or have yet
to be invented.
Prohibitions. The bill contains two key subsections with prohibitions.
First, subsection 2(a) provides that the FTC "shall, by regulation, prohibit the
transmission of a spyware program to a covered computer by means of the
Internet, unless the user of the covered computer expressly consents to such
transmission in response to a clear and conspicuous request for such consent or
through an affirmative request for such transmission."
Second, subsection 2(c), which addresses spyware that collects personally
identifying information, provides that the FTC "shall, by regulation, prohibit
the use of any spyware program that is transmitted to a covered computer by
means of the Internet for collecting any personally identifiable information
from the covered computer, unless notice that the program will be used for such
collection is provided -- (1) in any license, contract, or other agreement
covering the spyware program or the information, program, or communication
together with which, or in connection with which, the spyware program is
transmitted; and (2) in another prominent location, as the Commission shall
Also, subsection 2(b) does not contain a prohibition, but rather, requires
the FTC to establish requirements in cases where the transmission of the spyware
program requires an affirmative action to agree to a license. It provides that
the FTC "shall, by
regulation, establish requirements for the transmission of a spyware program to
a covered computer, by means of the Internet, in any case in which the
transmission of the spyware program, or any information, program, or
communication together or in connection with which the spyware program is
transmitted, requires any affirmative action on the part of the user of the
covered computer to agree to a license, contract, or other agreement which is
made available on the World Wide Web ..."
Subsection 2(b) further provides that "The terms of such license, contract,
or agreement shall be set forth on a World Wide Web page and the mechanism by
which the user of the covered computer agrees to such license, contract, or
agreement shall be included on the same page." Moreover, it provides that
"The terms of the license, contract, or other
agreement shall -- (A) include provisions, that are clearly stated and prominently
displayed, which specify that agreement to such license, contract, or other
agreement constitutes consent to transmission of the spyware for purposes of
subsection (a); and (B) clearly explain the purpose of including the spyware."
Finally, it provides that "The name of the person or entity
transmitting the spyware, a valid physical street address of such person or
entity, and a functioning return electronic mail address for such person or
entity shall be included on the World Wide Web page referred to in paragraph
Enforcement. The bill provides that violations would constitute "an
unfair or deceptive act" within the meaning of the FTC Act. The FTC would
have authority to enforce any such violation of the FTC Act.
In addition, the bill provides that whoever "(1) violates section 2(c)
or the regulations issued under such section, or (2) knowingly violates any
other provision of this Act or any regulation issued under this Act, shall be
fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned for not more than 1
year, or both."
Activities Not Addressed By The Bill. The bill only covers spyware programs
that are transmitted via the internet.
Hence, spyware programs that are preinstalled by an original equipment manufacturer (OEM),
or installed by a computer user from a CD, would not be affected by this bill.
And of course, only programs are covered. Other means of surveillance of
computer use are not covered.
The bill does not contain a law enforcement authority exception. Nor does the
bill address monitoring by employers of employees' computer use in the
workplace. Nor does the bill address the situation where multiple persons use
the same computer.
|Representatives Introduce Bill to Protect
Children from P2P Smut
7/24. Rep. Joe Pitts (R-PA),
Rep. Chris John (D-LA),
Rep. John Sullivan (R-OK),
Rep. Mike Pence (R-IN), and
Rep. Jim DeMint (R-SC) introduced
the "Protecting Children from Peer-to-Peer Pormography Act of 2003".
Rep. Pitts stated in a
that "Our legislation gives parents the tools they need to protect their
children from pornography and threats to privacy posed by peer-to-peer file
trading networks. By working together to protect children, we are building a
broad and bipartisan coalition".
The bill recites in its findings that "Peer-to-peer systems are emerging as a
conduit for the distribution of pormographic images and videos, including child
pormography. Child pormography is easily found and downloaded using peer-to-peer
The bill provides that "It is unlawful for any person to distribute
peer-to-peer file trading
software, or to authorize or cause peer-to-peer file trading software to be
distributed by another person, in interstate commerce in a manner that violates
the regulations prescribed under subsection (b)(2)." Subsection (b)(2), in
turn, requires the FTC to write regulations that impose eleven requirements.
Parental Consent. For example, it requires that the FTC to "require any
person who distributes, or authorizes or causes another person to distribute,
peer-to-peer file trading software in interstate commerce to ... obtain
verification of majority, or if a recipient is a juvenile obtain verifiable
parental consent, before the peer-to-peer file trading software is provided to
the recipient ..."
Firewall Circumvention. Subsection (b)(2) also requires that P2P
software that is capable of circumventing security measures, such as firewalls,
not activate that capability unless the user first receives notice of that
Specifically, it provides that "if the peer-to-peer file trading software
has the capability of disabling or
circumventing security or other protective software on, or features of, the
user's computer or network, including a firewall, software that protects against
viruses or other malicious code or a do-not-install beacon or other parental
control, ensure that such peer-to-peer file trading software does not exercise
that capability unless the user receives clear and prominent notice thereof and
thereafter takes affirmative steps to enable that capability;".
Disable and Uninstall Capabilities. Subsection 2(b) also requires the
FTC to "ensure that the peer-to-peer file trading software has the capability to be
readily disabled or uninstalled by a user thereof, and prominent means to access
clear information concerning the availability and use of that capability
The bill would also require the FTC to write rules defining the term peer to
peer software. The bill would give enforcement authority to both the FTC and to state
|Commentary: Spyware and P2P Smut Bills Would
Also Restrict P2P Infringement
7/29. On July 24, 2003 Rep. Joe Pitts
(R-PA) and others introduced
the "Protecting Children from Peer-to-Peer Pormography Act of 2003".
On July 25, Rep. Mary Bono (R-CA)
[PDF], the "Safeguard Against Privacy Invasions Act".
While the former bill would assist parents in protecting their children from
being exposed unwittingly to pormography, and the later bill would enhance the
ability of internet users to protect their privacy from the operators of spyware
systems, both bills would also have the effect burdening the production and
distribution of peer to
peer file sharing software (P2P), and hence, limit P2P music and movie piracy.
These bills might therefore also be classified as anti piracy bills along
with two other bills introduced in the House this month:
the "Author, Consumer, and Computer Owner
Protection and Security (ACCOPS) Act of 2003", introduced on July 16 by
Rep. John Conyers (D-MI),
Rep. Howard Berman (D-CA) and others,
and HR 2517,
the "Piracy Deterrence and Education Act of 2003", introduced on July
19 by Rep. Lamar Smith
(R-TX) and others.
The Conyers Berman ACCOPS bill would amend the
Copyright Act and the criminal code to protect digital works from online
infringement. It would, among other things, criminalize the unauthorized
placement of copyrighted works on P2P networks, and criminalize offering certain
P2P software without first giving notice of the privacy and security risks.
See, story titled "Conyers and Berman Introduce Bill to
Criminalize Placing Copyrighted Works on P2P Networks" in TLJ Daily E-Mail Alert
No. 702, July 21, 2003.
The Smith bill would enhance the government's resources for prosecuting
intellectual property crimes, and involve the Federal
Bureau of Investigation
(FBI) and Department of Justice (DOJ) in
educating and warning the public regarding internet based copyright
titled "House CIIP Subcommittee Holds Hearing on
Piracy Deterrence and Education Act", July 17, 2003.
Congressional Hearings on P2P Networks, Privacy and Pormography. The issues of privacy
and pormography on P2P networks has been addressed at
previous Congressional hearings. There is a record of testimony to support the
Bono and Pitts bills.
The Senate Judiciary
Committee held a hearing on June 17, 2003 titled "The Dark Side of a Bright
Idea: Could Personal and National Security Risks Compromise the Potential of
Peer to Peer File Sharing Networks". The members and witnesses focused on
privacy and pormography, and barely touched national security issues. See, story
titled "Senate Committee Holds Hearing on P2P Networks" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail Alert
No. 683, June 18, 2003.
Witnesses discussed the problem of pormography on P2P networks that is
often disguised a popular music files, thus causing children to unwittingly be
exposed. They also addressed the harms of spyware in P2P software.
Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-UT) stated in his
opening statement on June 17 that "I am also troubled that many P2P networks
require their users to install so-called ``spyware´´ or ``adware´´ -- programs
that monitor, collect, and report information about the Internet ``browsing´´
habits of a particular user."
On March 13, 2003, the House
Government Reform Committee held a hearing that focused on the prevalence of
pormography on P2P networks. See,
of the hearing [123 pages in PDF].
Bono Spyware Bill.
[PDF], Rep. Bono's spyware bill, does not reference P2P networks,
copyrights or piracy. However, spyware is incorporated into P2P software. Thus,
while Rep. Bono's bill works to protect user privacy, it would also burden P2P
software makers and distributors with regulations that would likely decrease the distribution of
Chris Murray, Legislative Counsel for the Consumers
Union, testified at the
Senate Judiciary Committee's June 17 hearing. He wrote in his
prepared testimony that "A more troubling privacy and security issue facing
P2P networks, however, is the invasive, nonconsensual use of ``spyware´´ and ``adware´´
programs. Spyware is a generic term that describes software whose purpose is to
collect demographic and usage information from a person's computer, typically
for advertising purposes. Not all adware is spyware. Spyware programs target
advertisements based on a user's location, browsing habits, search engine
queries and other criteria, while adware programs display advertising, but do
not track or report a computer user's behavior."
Murray added that "In the case of Kazaa's spyware, I see this to be an issue
of public domain software that is advertising supported. When a business has no
income stream other whatever data it can sell and whatever advertising it can
serve, we have a recipe for egregious violations of users' security and privacy.
But this recipe exists in many business models beyond P2P."
Murray also made the point that "while peer-to-peer programs commonly bundle
spyware and adware with their products, alarmingly, so do more mainstream
software companies such as Microsoft, AOL, and RealNetworks."
However, Rep. Bono's bill only covers spyware that is transmitted over the
internet. Hence, any spyware that is incorporated in Microsoft's Media Player,
that is preinstalled by an OEM, is not covered by Rep. Bono's bill. Similarly,
any spyware incorporated in AOL's or Netscape's browsers, that is either
preinstalled by an OEM, or installed from a CD, is not covered by Rep. Bono's
bill. What is covered by Rep. Bono's bill is spyware incorporated in P2P
(Alan Murray, EVP of Sharman Networks, which distributes the Kazaa Media
Desktop software, asserted in his
prepared testimony at the June 17 hearing that "Kazaa has a firm
``No Spyware´´ policy to protect
users against software that is either surreptitiously installed or which
covertly gathers user information.")
Pitts Pormography Bill. Similarly, Rep. Pitts' bill, while it
addresses P2P networks, does not reference infringement on those networks.
However, the restrictions placed upon the makers of P2P software contained in
the bill would likely reduce the distribution of P2P software, and hence, reduce
infringement on P2P networks. The bill would also have the effect of requiring
P2P software distributions to rewrite their software, thus adding to their costs
of doing business.
The bill provides enforcement authority to the FTC and state attorneys
general. It further contains provisions to facilitate FTC and state actions.
However, these same provisions would make it easier for the recording and movie
industries to bring suits against P2P software distributors or users for
For example, the bill requires the FTC to write regulations that provide that
if the distributor of P2P software does not reside in the U.S., it must
designate a resident agent in the U.S. Since many P2P companies
locate abroad for the purpose of escaping the reach of the U.S. courts in
copyright actions, this
provision would assist music and movie industry plaintiffs.
Similarly, the bill requires the FTC to write regulations requiring P2P
software distributors to verify age, obtain parental consent, and comply with
the provisions of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), which is
codified at 15 U.S.C.
§§ 6501-6506. Finally, the bill requires the FTC to write regulations
requiring that each distributor "maintain reasonable records of its compliance with the
requirements set forth in this paragraph". These records would assist
the FTC and states attorneys general in enforcing the statute and the
regulations. However, these records may also be the subject of subpoenas and
pretrial discovery requests in suits brought by the recording or movie
industries for copyright infringement. These records might contain information
about individual infringers that would assist movie and record companies in
bringing civil actions for infringement against these individual infringers.
|People and Appointments
7/28. Mitch Bainwol was named Chairman and CEO of the
Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).
He was previously Chief of Staff to Sen. Bill
Frist (R-TN), the Senate Majority Leader.
7/25. Bruce Artim was named Chief Counsel and Staff Director of the
Senate Judiciary Committee. He
has worked for the Committee since 1995. He replaces Makan Delrahim, who
was named one of the Deputy Assistant Attorneys General in the Department of
Justice's Antitrust Division. See,
Sen. Orrin Hatch's (R-UT)
7/24. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Commissioner Sheila Anthony wrote a
to President Bush in which she tendered her resignation, effective August 1,
Armando Irizarry and Thomas Mays were named Counsel for
Intellectual Property in the Federal Trade
Commission's (FTC) Competition Bureau. Irizarry is a law professor at
Michigan State University. Before that, he
worked for the law firm of Fish & Neave.
Mays has previously worked as the Director of the Office of Technology
Development at the National Institute of Health's (NIH) National Cancer
Institute, and at the law firm of Morrison and
Forester. Mays also holds a doctorate in microbiology. Irizarry and Mays join
Suzanne Michel, who is the FTC's Chief Counsel of Intellectual Property,
and Lore Unt, who is a Counsel for Intellectual Property. See, FTC
|Representatives Introduce DTV Transition
7/23. Rep. Lee Terry (R-NE),
Rep. Rick Boucher (D-VA), and others
the "Consumer Access to Digital Television Enhancement Act".
The bill would require the FCC to promptly revise its regulations to implement
the MOU between cable and consumer electronics companies announced last December. The FCC
adopted a NPRM in January, has received comments, but has not yet acted. The
bill would also require that TVs marketed as "digital cable-ready" be able to
receive digital television broadcast signals transmitted over the air. Finally,
the bill would require the FCC to revise its regulations for broadcast signal
strength by establishing minimum power levels by July 1, 2004.
Rep. Terry (at right) stated in a
release that "Congress can help accelerate the arrival of this new era by
eliminating many of the obstacles currently hindering access to digital TV. This
bill is fast-track legislation for digital television."
Rep. Boucher stated that
"Our legislation breaks the logjam between the three industries and is vital for
the transition to bring digital television to consumers. The real winners are
the consumers ... who will finally be able to buy DTVs that connect
directly to digital cable without a set-top box, and enjoy convenient access to
HDTV offered by cable providers."
MOU Between Cable and Consumer Electronics Companies. On December 19,
2003, fourteen consumer electronics companies and seven cable
operators announced that they entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)
regarding a national plug and play standard between digital television (DTV)
products and digital cable systems. See,
pages in PDF] consisting of the MOU, proposed rules to be promulgated by the
FCC, and a letter to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Chairman
Michael Powell and
The parties to the MOU recommend a "set of technical standards for cable
systems and ``cable ready´´ DTV products (and testing procedures to assure
compatibility); a proposed regulatory framework for support of digital TV
receivers, digital recorders with secure interfaces and other devices on cable
systems; a draft security technology license to ensure that high-value content
can be transferred securely in the home network by consumers; and ``encoding
rules´´ to resolve pending copyright based concerns about home recording and
release and substantially similar
See also, story titled "Cable and Consumer Electronics Companies Announce DTV
Agreement" in TLJ
Daily E-Mail Alert No. 572, December 20, 2002.
On January 7, 2003, the FCC adopted a Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (FNPRM)
regarding this MOU. This is CS Docket 97-80, and PP Docket 00-67. The FNPRM is
90 pages, and is available in the FCC web site in four parts in PDF:
Part 3, and
The FNPRM states that "the consumer electronics and cable industries are
engaged in ongoing inter-industry discussions seeking to establish a so-called
``cable plug and play´´ standard. Such a standard would allow consumers to
directly attach their DTV receivers to cable systems and receive cable television
services without the need for an external navigation device."
The FNPRM further references the December 19, 2002 MOU and
proposed regulations, and asks for public comments. See, story titled "FCC Seeks
Comments on Cable TV Plug and
Play MOU" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail Alert No. 581, January 13, 2003.
The FCC has yet to act on this RNPRM or to promulgate the rules changes
proposed by the cable and consumer electronics industries. HR 2825 would
require the FCC to promptly implement the MOU and accompanying regulations.
The bill provides that "Within 30 days after the date of enactment of this
Act, the Federal Communications Commission shall, by regulation, adopt and
implement the regulations proposed in the memorandum of understanding between
the cable and consumer electronics industries filed with the Commission on
December 19, 2002, as contained in the Commission’s notice of proposed
rulemaking concerning compatibility between cable systems and consumer
electronics equipment (FCC 03–3; adopted January 7, 2003)."
Off-Air Digital TV Reception Capability in Digital Cable Ready TVs.
The bill also provides that these regulations shall "require that all
television receivers marketed or labeled as ``digital cable-ready´´ include the
capability to receive off-the-air digital television broadcast signals
transmitted in conformance with
part 73 of the Commission's rules."
This provision goes beyond the MOU.
Minimum Required Power Levels for Off the Air Digital TV Signals.
Finally, the bill provides that within 90 of passage, the FCC "shall revise
its regulations to establish
minimum power levels and deadlines for achieving such power levels for any
television broadcasting facility transmitting a digital broadcast signal. Such
regulations, at a minimum, shall require broadcasters to transmit a digital
signal at sufficient power to ensure that its digital broadcast service matches
the Grade A service contour of its NTSC broadcast signal by no later than July
1, 2004. Nothing in this Act shall limit the Commission’s authority to prescribe
higher power levels consistent with the objective of concluding the transition
to digital television by December 31, 2006."
The Consumer Electronics Association (CEA)
is pleased with the bill. Gary Shapiro, P/CEO of the CEA, wrote in a letter to
Rep. Terry that "By supporting swift FCC action on the
cable-consumer electronics compatibility agreement, your bill will help remove
the final major obstacle to the ubiquitous deployment of DTV. This voluntary
industry agreement will establish technical, marketplace and regulatory
certainty for the cable and CE industries, and allow for the national
portability of digital cable products." See, CEA
The other original cosponsors of the bill are Rep. Roy Blunt (R-MO), Rep.
John Shimkus (R-IL), Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY), Rep. Butch Otter (R-ID), Rep. Al
Wynn (D-MD), Rep. Michael Bilirakis (R-FL), Rep. Charles Bass (R-NH), Rep. Ed Whitfield
(R-KY), Rep. Gene Green (D-TX), and Rep. Barbara Cubin (R-WY).
The bill was referred to the House
Commerce Committee. Rep. Terry, Rep. Boucher, and all of the original
cosponsors are members of the Committee. However, neither the Chairman, nor the
ranking Democrat, on either the full Committee, or the Telecom Subcommittee, are
|Tuesday, July 29
9:30 AM. The Senate
Committee will hold a hearing on several nominations, including
Penrose Albright to be Assistant Secretary of Homeland
Security for Plans, Programs and Budgets, and Joel Kaplan to be Deputy
Director of the Office of Management
and Budget (OMB). Location: Room 342,
? 9:30 AM. The Senate Judiciary
Committee might hold an executive business meeting.
The agenda includes consideration of several
judicial nominations, including Henry Saad (U.S. Court of Appeals for
the 6th Circuit), Larry Alan Burns (Southern District of California), Glen
Conrad (Western District of Virginia), Henry Floyd (District of South
Carolina), Kim Gibson (Western District of Pennsylvania), Michael Mosman
(District of Oregon), and Dana Sabraw (Southern District of California).
Press contact: Margarita Tapia at 202 224-5225 or David Carle (Leahy) at 202 224-4242.
This Committee frequently changes the time
and agenda of its meetings without notice. Location: Room 226, Dirksen Building.
2:30 PM. The Senate Judiciary
Committee's Subcommittee on Immigration, Border Security and Citizenship
will hold a hearing on the L1 visa program, under which an alien who
has specialized knowledge or holds a managerial or executive position in a
business may obtain a visa to work temporarily in the U.S. to work for an
affiliate or subsidiary business. Press contact: Margarita Tapia at 202
224-5225. Location: Room 226, Dirksen Building.
|Wednesday, July 30
9:30 AM. The
Senate Foreign Relations Committee
will hold a hearing on pending nominations. The agenda includes the nomination
of former Rep. Connie Morella (R-MD) to be the U.S. representative to the
Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD). See,
Location: Room 419, Dirksen Building.
The Senate Finance Committee will meet to consider several pending
nominations, including James Jochum (to be Assistant Secretary,
Department of Commerce) and Josette Shiner (to be a Deputy U.S. Trade
Representative). Location: Room 215, Dirksen Building.
12:15 PM. The Federal Communications Bar
Association's (FCBA) Young Lawyers Committee will host a brown bag lunch.
The topic will be Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP). The speakers
will include Thomas Navin (Deputy Division Chief of the Competition Policy
Division of the Wireline Competition Bureau of the FCC). For more information,
contact Patrick Sullivan at
firstname.lastname@example.org or 202
303-1164, or Ryan Wallach at
email@example.com or 202 303-1159.
Location: Willkie Farr & Gallagher,
1875 K Street, NW, Second Floor.
|Thursday, July 31
9:30 AM. The Senate Commerce
Committee will hold a business meeting. See,
notice. Press contact: Rebecca Hanks (McCain)
202 224-2670 or Andy Davis (Hollings) at 202 224-6654. Location: Room 253,
? 9:30 AM. The Senate Judiciary
Committee might hold an executive business meeting. Press contact:
Margarita Tapia (Hatch) at 202 224-5225 or David Carle (Leahy) at 202
224-4242. This Committee frequently changes the time and agenda of its
meetings without notice. Location: Room 226, Dirksen Building.
10:00 AM. The President's Export Council subcommittee on Export
Administration (PECSEA) will hold a meeting. See,
notice in the Federal Register: July 15, 2003, Vol. 68, No. 135, at Page
41782. Location: Room 3884, Department of Commerce, 14th Street between
Pennsylvania and Constitution Avenues, NW.
Deadline to submit applications for loans or combination loans and grants
to the Rural Utilities Service (RUS)
under its FY2003 Distance Learning and Telemedicine Program. See,
notice in Federal Register, March 3, 2003, Vol. 68, No. 41, at Page 9973.
2:30 PM. The Senate Commerce
Committee's Communications Subcommittee will hold a hearing on the
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).
The witnesses will be
Nancy Victory (National
Telecommunications and Information Administration), Paul Twomey (P/CEO of
ICANN), Ari Balough (SVP of VeriSign), Alan Davidson (Center for Democracy and Technology), and Paul
Stahura (CEO of eNom). Sen. Conrad Burns
(R-MT) will preside. See,
notice. Press contact: Rebecca Hanks (McCain) 202 224-2670 or Andy Davis
(Hollings) at 202 224-6654. Location: Room 253, Russell Building.
|Monday, August 4
The Senate is scheduled to begin its August recess.
7/24. The U.S. District Court (DConn)
sentenced Aleksey Vladimirovich Ivanov
to serve a term of imprisonment of 48 months, to be followed by 3 years of supervised
release. He previously plead
guilty to charges of conspiracy, computer intrusion, computer fraud, credit card
fraud, wire fraud, and extortion. The Office of the U.S. Attorney (USAO) stated in a
release [PDF] that Ivanov "hacked into dozens of computers throughout the
United States, stealing usernames, passwords, credit card information, and other
financial data, and then extorting those victims with the threat of deleting
their data and destroying their computer systems." Ivanov operated from Russia,
but was arrested after he was lured into the U.S. for a job interview with an FBI
front company. The USAO further stated that Ivanov
was responsible for "an aggregate loss of approximately $25 million". Thus, if
he serves his full sentence, he will spend one day behind bars for every $17,111
of harm that he caused.
7/28. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
announced that "As of Monday morning, July 28, 2003, consumers have registered a
total of 28.7 million telephone numbers in the National Do Not Call Registry: 23
million or 80 percent of those registrations have been made on the Internet, and
5.7 million or 20 percent via the telephone."
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