|Bush Issues Spectrum Policy Memorandum
6/5. President Bush issued a
titled "Memorandum for the Heads of
Executive Departments and Agencies" regarding "Spectrum Policy for the 21st
Century". The White House press office also released a
document titled "Fact Sheet".
The memorandum does not announce a spectrum policy, or make any legislative
or regulatory proposals. Rather, it creates "Federal Government Spectrum Task
Force" that is
tasked to "focus on improving spectrum management policies and procedures".
The memorandum is not clear regarding who will actually make the recommendations
Task Force, or its chairman, the Secretary of Commerce. The Memorandum states
both that "The functions of the Task Force ... shall include ... producing a
detailed set of recommendations for improving spectrum management policies and
procedures" and "The Department of Commerce shall prepare legislative and other
Composition of the Task Force. The Task Force is to be made up of the
heads of 13 executive branch entities, including the Departments of Commerce,
State, Defense, Homeland Security, Energy, and others.
The membership of the Task Force will not include any representatives from
service providers, equipment manufacturers, industry groups, standard setting
organizations, or consumer groups. Nor, will the President appoint any
engineers, technologists, or economists to the Task Force.
Nor will the membership include any representatives of state and local law
enforcement entities, fire departments, or other first responders.
The Task Force will be made up of the heads of federal government agencies that
are major users of spectrum. Their interests are frequently different from those
of the companies and consumers who would like to see
spectrum used for new communications technologies.
Moreover, the Memorandum's list of Task Force members leaves out several key
federal entities. For example, the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) is not on the list. Not only does it possess
considerable expertise on spectrum related technologies, but, as the entity
tasked by statute with managing spectrum used by the private sector, it is most
familiar with the interests and plans of the private sector for innovative uses
The President's Memorandum states merely that "The Federal Communications
Commission is also encouraged to participate in these activities and to provide
input to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration". The NTIA
is a component of the Department of Commerce. It has authority for managing
spectrum used by federal entities, such as the Department of Defense.
Similarly, the Office of the U.S. Trade
Representative (USTR), which is increasingly negotiating trade agreements
with other countries that address communications and technology issues, and
works closely with industry, is not on the list of Task Force members.
However, the Secretaries of Agriculture and the Interior are on the list.
Delay. The Memorandum provides for a set of recommendations to be
written, in one year. These recommendations will be released in June of 2004, just before the
national political conventions, the beginning of the 2004 Presidential election
season, and the 2004 Congressional elections. The 108th Congress is highly
unlikely to pass any major spectrum reform legislation that is introduced in or
after June of 2004.
Then, there will be a long recess between the 108th and 109th Congresses,
followed by the inauguration of the President, and the formation of the 109th
Congress. If President Bush is re-elected, the earliest that the Congress would
be likely to consider his spectrum reform recommendations would be the Spring of
2005. If a Democrat is elected, the delay would be longer. Moreover, the
announcement contained in the Memorandum is likely to diminish the likelihood
that spectrum reform proposals offered by others will be taken up during the
time that the Bush administration is studying the issue.
Hence, one major consequence of the President's announcement is the likely
delay of consideration of any major spectrum reform proposals for several years.
Broadband. While wireless technologies may be used to provide
broadband internet access to portable devices, and broadband last mile
connections to homes and small businesses, the President's Memorandum does not
discuss broadband issues or broadband deployment. The word "broadband" does not
appear in the Memorandum. It is used in the "Fact Sheet", but only in connection
with ultrawideband (UWB) technology.
President Bush's most definitive statement on broadband remains his August
13, 2002 speech in Waco, Texas. He said that "In order to make sure the economy
grows, we must bring the promise of broadband technology to millions of
Americans. My administration is promoting investment in broadband. We will
continue to work to prevent new access taxes on broadband technology. If you
want something to be used more, you don't tax it. And broadband technology is
going to be incredibly important for us to stay on the cutting edge of
innovation here in America. The Federal Communications Commission is focusing on
policies to encourage high-speed Internet service for every home and every
business in America. The private sector will deploy broadband. But government at
all levels should remove hurdles that slow the pace of deployment." See,
Unlicensed Use and Spectrum Markets. The preamble language of
Memorandum contains several statements that various advocates of spectrum reform
may find encouraging. Proponents of greater use of unlicensed spectrum may note
the Memorandum's statement that "increasingly, businesses and consumers are
installing systems that use unlicensed spectrum to allow wireless data, called
Wireless Fidelity (WiFi), on their premises".
The Memorandum also recites that "The existing legal and policy framework for
spectrum management has not kept pace with the dramatic changes in technology
and spectrum use. Under the existing framework, the Government generally reviews
every change in spectrum use, a process that is often slow and inflexible, and
can discourage the introduction of new technology."
On the other hand, the language in the Memorandum that provides instructions
to the Task Force references "spectrum management". For example, it
states that "The Department
of Commerce shall prepare legislative and other recommendations to: (a)
facilitate a modernized and improved spectrum management system".
Some advocates of spectrum reform, including the FCC's
Spectrum Policy Task Force (SPTF), have
argued for moving towards a system that allows for the sale and leasing of
some spectrum. Other advocates go further and argue for a system of property rights
in spectrum, and a free market in which spectrum rights can be freely exchanged.
The Memorandum's references to maintaining the "spectrum management system"
and "spectrum management process" imply continued government command
and control of who uses what spectrum for what purpose. These references are
antithetical to notions of market based mechanisms.
Furthermore, nothing in the memorandum addresses the creation of property rights or
a markets for spectrum rights. None of the words "rights", "property",
"ownership", "market", "sale" or "sell" appear
in the President's Memorandum. (The Memorandum does state that "This memorandum
... is not intended to, and does not, create any right ...")
The FCC, as demonstrated by the report of its SPTF, and the May 15, 2003,
announcement of its Report and Order and Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM)
allowing certain FCC spectrum licensees to enter into leasing arrangements with
third parties, is gradually moving towards greater use of market based
mechanisms, as opposed to government management. See, TLJ
titled " FCC Adopts Order Allowing Some Secondary Leasing of Spectrum", also
published in TLJ Daily E-Mail Alert No. 663, May 16, 2003.
However, the FCC faces a statutory obstacle. Section 310(d) of the
Communications Act, codified at 47 U.S.C.
§ 310, provides: "No construction permit or
station license, or any rights thereunder, shall be transferred, assigned, or
disposed of in any manner, voluntarily or involuntarily, directly or indirectly,
or by transfer of control of any corporation holding such permit or license, to
any person except upon application to the Commission and upon finding by the
Commission that the public interest, convenience, and necessity will be served
thereby. Any such application shall be disposed of as if the proposed transferee
or assignee were making application under section 308 of this title for the
permit or license in question; but in acting thereon the Commission may not
consider whether the public interest, convenience, and necessity might be served
by the transfer, assignment, or disposal of the permit or license to a person
other than the proposed transferee or assignee."
FCC Commissioner Michael
Copps, who dissented from the FCC adoption of the NPRM on secondary leasing,
elaborated on this issue. He
wrote in his
dissenting statement [3 pages in PDF] that "I keep running into the same
problem and I cannot make it go away. I do not see how the law allows us to
effectuate these policies. I must therefore respectfully dissent. Congress
enacted Section 310(d) of the Communications Act and we must abide by it. That
section makes it clear that no ``station license or any rights thereunder
shall be transferred, assigned or disposed of in any manner ... except upon
application to the Commission and upon finding by the Commission that the public
interest, convenience, and necessity will be served thereby.´´ But today we
allow licensees to transfer a significant right -- the right to control the
spectrum on a day-to-day basis -- without applying to the Commission and without
the requirement of any Commission public interest finding. How can this be legal
under Section 310(d)?" (Emphasis in original.)
Copps also said that "From a policy perspective, I could support many of the
ideas in today's Order." See also, story titled "Copps Disputes FCC's Authority
to Allow Secondary Leasing of Spectrum" in TLJ Daily E-Mail Alert No. 663, May
The President's Memorandum likely puts off for several years any legislation
that would address the limitations of Section 310(d). Also, the Memorandum's
references to continuing "spectrum management", taken literally, would preclude
revision of Section 310 to facilitate market based mechanisms.
|Reaction to the President's Spectrum
6/5. Several persons praised President Bush's
Memorandum on spectrum policy. For example, Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) Chairman
Michael Powell released a
statement [PDF] in which he wrote that "The radio spectrum is a key driver of economic
growth, and supports an array of devices, applications and services Americans
have come to depend upon -- from radars used in our national defense to tele-medicine,
from mobile phones to the public safety radios used by our first responders".
Powell added that "President Bush's Executive Memorandum
recognizes the importance of spectrum as an economic engine and underscores his
commitment to putting spectrum to its highest and best use for the American
people. I congratulate Commerce Secretary Don Evans, Deputy Secretary Sam Bodman
and Assistant Secretary Nancy Victory on their vision and leadership in
championing this groundbreaking initiative to reassess the federal government’s
spectrum policy approach. I look forward to continuing to work with the Commerce
Department and the rest of the Administration on these important issues".
Secretary of Commerce
Evans (at right) stated in a release that
"The President’s Spectrum
Initiative announced today establishes a Federal Government Spectrum Task Force
charged with providing detailed recommendations for spectrum policies. These
policies include modernizing and improving spectrum management, ensuring that
spectrum is more efficiently used, and making spectrum available for innovative
products and services while ensuring that the needs of public safety and
national security are met. The
radio frequency spectrum is a vital and limited natural resource and is crucial
to our economic growth and national defense.
I am honored the President has called on me to direct the
work of this Initiative." See also, NTIA
Rep. Fred Upton (R-MI), Chairman of the
House Commerce Committee's
Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet,
stated in a release that "President Bush's spectrum initiative is the
exactly the right prescription at the right time for our nation. Modernizing our
spectrum policies is good for the economy, good for homeland security, good for
public safety, good for our defense capabilities, and good for the development
of new technologies -- all of which is great for the American people. Secretary
Evans is the perfect person to lead the President’s team on this."
He added that "Having worked with hand-in-glove with the Administration on
spectrum management reform in the form of my spectrum trust fund legislation, I
look forward to continuing our work together as the Telecommunication and
Internet Subcommittee continues its work on spectrum management modernization."
Tom Wheeler, P/CEO of the Cellular Telecommunications
and Internet Association (CTIA),
stated in a release
"We welcome the President's continued leadership in this important area ... The tools
we have for formulating spectrum policy are broken, and we look forward to working
with the task force under Secretary Evans' leadership to ensure this national
resource is fully utilized as a national safety and economic growth asset."
The CTIA release further states that "The task force will not revisit the granting
of 90 MHz of spectrum to the wireless industry, for which service rules are
currently being developed by the FCC." Although, the President's Memorandum does
not address this point, and the "Fact Sheet"
merely states that "In July 2002, the Department of Commerce released a plan in
concert with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Department of
Defense to make 90 MHz of spectrum available in the future for 3G wireless
services while accommodating critically important spectrum requirements for
|Senators Introduce Global Internet Freedom
6/4. Sen. Jon Kyl (R-AZ) and
Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR) introduced S 1183,
the "Global Internet Freedom Act of 2003". This bill is similar to
(107th), introduced in the previous Congress by Senators Kyl and Wyden, as well
as HR 48
(107th), introduced by Rep. Chris Cox (R-CA),
Rep. Tom Lantos (D-CA), and others.
The bill states in its findings that "The governments of Burma, Cuba, Laos,
North Korea, the People's Republic of China, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Vietnam,
among others, are taking active measures to keep their citizens from freely
accessing the Internet and obtaining international political, religious, and
economic news and information."
It also states that "Intergovernmental, nongovernmental, and media
organizations have reported the widespread and increasing pattern by
authoritarian governments to block, jam, and monitor Internet access and content
using methods that include", including "firewalls", "surveillance
of e-mail messages and message boards",
and "the denial of access to the Internet".
The bill would create an "International Broadcasting Bureau the Office of
Global Internet Freedom" to be "headed by a Director who shall develop and
implement a comprehensive global strategy to combat state-sponsored and
state-directed jamming of the Internet and persecution of those who use the
Internet." The bill would also authorize the appropriation of $30 Million for
each of the fiscal years 2004 and 2005.
The bill also states that "It is the sense of Congress that the United States
should ... publicly, prominently, and consistently denounce governments that
restrict, censor, ban, and block access to information on the Internet".
Finally, the bill states that it is the sense of Congress that the U.S.
should "deploy, at the earliest practicable date, technologies aimed at
defeating state-directed Internet censorship and the persecution of those who
use the Internet."
The Republican House Policy Committee,
which is chaired by Rep. Cox, released a
titled "Tear Down This Firewall" on September 19, 2002. It states that
"Increasingly, non-democratic regimes around the world are denying their peoples
unrestricted access to the Internet. Cuba, Laos, North Korea, the People’s
Republic of China, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, and Vietnam are the most
notorious violators of Internet freedom. These governments, according to the
U.S. State Department and such organizations as Human Rights Watch and Reporters
Without Borders, are using methods of control that include denying their
citizens access to the Internet, censoring content, banning private ownership of
computers, and even making e-mail accounts so expensive that ordinary people
cannot use them. These countries use firewalls, filters, and other devices to
block and censor the Internet."
Also, last year, the American Enterprise
Institute (AEI) hosted a panel discussion on internet censorship by the
People's Republic of China. See, story titled "AEI Panel Advocates
``Freeing the Chinese Internet´´", in
TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 416, April 23, 2002.
The Bush administration announced a similarly named initiative in March of
this year. However, the administration's "Digital Freedom Initiative" involves
foreign aid for developing countries to develop information and communication
technology (ICT), the training by Peace Corps volunteers in ICT, and the
involvement by U.S. technology companies, such as Cisco and HP. It does not
involve any efforts to stop government censorship or control of internet speech
or use. See, story titled "Bush Administration Announces Digital
Freedom Initiative" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 617, March 5, 2003.
|Senators Introduce Bill to Regulate Internet
6/3. Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-UT) and
Sen. Herb Kohl (D-WI) introduced
S 1177, the
"Prevent All Cigarette Trafficking (PACT) Act of 2003. The bill would amend the
Jenkins Act of 1949, 15 U.S.C. §§ 375-378, to, among other things, expand the
reporting requirements of the Act to cover internet sales of cigarettes.
The Jenkins Act requires that any person who sells and ships cigarettes across a
state line to a buyer, other than a licensed distributor, to report
the sale to the buyer's state tobacco tax administrator. The rule is
significant, because some states impose vastly higher taxes on the sales of
cigarettes than others. The Jenkins Act helps states enforce their cigarette tax
Currently, many Internet based cigarette sellers are not reporting sales to state
tax administrators. On August 13, 2002, the General Accounting
Office (GAO) released a
report [60 pages in PDF] titled "Internet Cigarette Sales: Giving ATF
Investigative Authority May Improve Reporting and Enforcement". This GAO
report identified 147 web site addresses for Internet cigarette vendors based in
the U.S. It also concluded that most do not comply with the Jenkins
Act reporting requirements. See also, story titled "GAO Reports on Internet
Cigarette Sales" in
TLJ Daily E-Mail
Alert No. 491, August 14, 2002.
The PACT Act would require internet sellers to comply with the reporting
requirements of the Jenkins Act. Specifically, the PACT Act would add that "The
term 'delivery sale' means any sale of cigarettes to a consumer if ... the
consumer submits the order for such sale by means of a telephone or other method
of voice transmission, the mails, or the Internet or other online service ..."
(at right) stated in the Senate that "In its current form, the Jenkins Act
requires tobacco vendors to register with each State tax administrator in which
they sell cigarettes, as well as file a monthly report that provides shipment
information within each State. Failure to do so is a misdemeanor. Compliance
with this statute enables States to collect cigarette excise, sales and use
taxes from consumers."
He added that his bill "strengthens the Act by increasing the reporting
requirements first established under Jenkins, expressly including cigarette
orders placed through the Internet, lowering the threshold for cigarettes to be
treated as contraband from 60,000 to 10,000, increasing the criminal penalty for
violating the Act to a felony and creating a substantial civil penalty."
He also discussed the GAO report. He stated that "According to a GAO report
from last year on Internet cigarette sales, online
cigarette sellers simply do not comply with the Jenkins Act requirements -- in
fact most of them defiantly state that they do not comply with the Jenkins Act.
Many State attorneys general realize that this practice is unfair not only to
their individual States, but also to the brick and mortar retailers located in
their state, placing these businesses at an unfair commercial disadvantage.
Providing these state attorneys general with the ability to bring actions
against these out-of-state Internet vendors for lost revenue is crucial in
leveling the playing field and collecting the rightful revenue for states like
Washington, California, New York, Wisconsin, Michigan and Rhode Island."
The Hatch Kohl PACT Act is not directed solely towards internet sales. It
also contains provisions intended to help states catch and prosecute criminal
gangs that transport cigarettes in bulk across state lines, and forge tax
stamps. He stated that one such criminal gang was "using their illegal profits
to aid Hezbollah". The
Department of State's
Foreign Terrorist Organizations list includes Hezbollah, or Hizballah.
See also, Sen. Hatch's
text of floor statement.
This is not the first time that legislation has been introduced regarding
internet cigarette sales. Rep. Marty Meehan
(D-MA) sponsored legislation in the 106th Congress to regulate
internet tobacco sales.
(106th) would have provided that "It shall be unlawful for any manufacturer,
importer, or retailer of cigarettes to sell or advertise cigarettes through the
Internet unless the cigarette packages of the cigarettes so sold and the image
used on the Internet in the sale or advertising of the cigarettes contain the
warning labels required by section 4(a)(1) of the Federal Cigarette Labeling and
Advertising Act (15 U.S.C. 1333(a)(1))." However, it did not become law. See
also, TLJ story titled "Rep.
Meehan Introduces Bill to Ban Internet Sales of Tobacco to Minors",
September 27, 1999.
|Rep. Langevin Complains About FCC Delay in
Releasing Triennial Review Order
6/4. Rep. James Langevin (D-RI)
spoke in the House regarding the Federal
Communications Commission's (FCC) triennial review order, which it announced
in February, but has yet to release.
He stated that "The next revolution is broadband. We will be able to do so much and do it
more efficiently. But we can only do it if we have the infrastructure to do it
with. The FCC ruled in February that DSL, telephone company-provided broadband
connections, should not be subject to certain rules imposed on local voice
telephone networks. This is a good beginning and it should start some companies
on the road to more broadband deployment. Verizon, the largest phone company in
my State, plans to make broadband available to 10 million more residences and
small businesses nationwide in 2003 alone."
He added that "The problem is that the FCC has not issued its February order. That order
will detail the new rules that companies know how broadband will be regulated
and guides investment decisions. Until it is released, however, these companies
cannot move forward. I urge the FCC to issue its order as quickly as possible so
that millions of Americans can begin to experience the new opportunities that
broadband will provide." See, Congressional Record, June 4, 2003, at page H4880.
See also, stories titled "Representatives Address FCC's Failure to Produce
Triennial Review Order" in TLJ Daily E-Mail Alert No. 668, May 23, 2003, and
"Rep. Upton Criticizes FCC for Failure to Release Triennial Review Order" in TLJ
Daily E-Mail Alert No. 666, May 21, 2003.
|Friday, June 6
10:00 AM. The U.S. Court of Appeals
(FedCir) will hear oral argument in Akamai Technology v. Cable &
Wireless, No. 03-1007. Location: Courtroom 201, 717 Madison Place, NW.
10:00 AM. The U.S. Court of Appeals
(FedCir) will hear oral argument in Custom Computer v. Paychex
Properties, No. 03-1148. Location: Courtroom 402, 717 Madison Place, NW.
12:15 PM. The Federal Communications Bar
Association's (FCBA) Wireless Telecommunications Practice Committee will
host a luncheon. The topic will be "State Issues in Wireless Regulation".
The speakers will include Dane Snowden (FCC), Steve Berry (CTIA), Jeff Kramer
(AARP), and Jessica Zufola (NARUC). The price to attend is $15. RSVP to Wendy
Parish at firstname.lastname@example.org by 5:00 PM on
Wednesday, June 4. Location: Sidley Austin, 1501 K Street, NW.
|Monday, June 9
The Supreme Court will return from a one week recess.
5:00 PM. The House Rules Committee will meet to adopt a rule for
the "Unlawful Internet Gambling Funding Prohibition Act".
|Tuesday, June 10
8:00 AM - 5:30 PM. The Progress and Freedom
Foundation (PFF) will host a conference titled "Promoting Creativity:
Copyright in the Internet Age". The speakers will include
Brown (George Mason University Tech Center),
Burger (Dow Lohnes & Albertson),
(University of Chicago), Mike Godwin (Public Knowledge),
Kitch (University of Virginia),
Stanley Liebowitz (University
of Texas at Dallas),
Rep. Lamar Smith (R-TX), James
Abramowicz (GMU School of Law), Greg Aharonian (Patent News), Michael Einhorn,
Bruce Kobayashi (GMU School of Law),
Katherine Lawrence (University of Michigan Business School), Adam Mossoff (Clerk, U.S.
Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit), Harold Furchgott-Roth,
Singleton (CEI), and William Adkinson (PFF). RSVP to Brooke Emmerick at 202
289-8928 or email@example.com.
Location: J.W. Marriott Hotel, 1331 Pennsylvania Ave., NW.
9:00 AM - 3:00 PM. The President's
Council of Advisors on Science
and Technology (PCAST) will meet. The agenda includes a discussion of the
status of the work of its workforce education and information
technology manufacturing competitiveness subcommittees, a discussion of draft
report from the subcommittee on the science and technology of combating
terrorism, and a discussion of its review of the federal National
Nanotechnology Initiative. See,
notice in the Federal Register, May 29, 2003, Vol. 68, No. 103, at pages
32037 - 32038. Location: Washington Room (roof level), Hotel Washington, 15th
Street & Pennsylvania Avenue, NW.
1:00 PM. The House Ways and Means
Committee's Trade Subcommittee will hold a hearing titled "Implementation
of U.S. Bilateral Free Trade Agreements with Chile and Singapore". Location:
Room 1100, Longworth Building.
|Wednesday, June 11
9:30 AM. The Senate Judiciary
Committee will hold a hearing on several pending nominations, including
that of William Pryor to be a Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for
the 11th Circuit. Press contact: Margarita Tapia at 202 224-5225. Location: Room
226, Dirksen Building.
10:00 AM. The House Commerce
Committee's Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet will hold
a hearing titled "The Spectrum Needs of Our Nation's First Responders".
The hearing will be webcast. See,
notice. Press contact: Ken Johnson or Jon Tripp at 202
225-5735. Location: Room 2322, Rayburn Building.
10:00 AM. The
The House Commerce Committee will
hold a hearing titled "Reauthorization of the Federal Trade Commission:
Positioning the Commission for the Twenty-First Century". See,
notice. Press contact: Ken Johnson or Jon Tripp at 202 225-5735. Location:
Room 2123, Rayburn Building.
10:00 AM. The Cato Institute will host a program
titled "Taxing the Internet: Questions for Governors and Legislators".
Lunch will follow the program. Bill Owens, Governor of Colorado, will speak. See,
Cato notice. Location: 1000
Massachusetts Avenue, NW.
2:00 PM. The Senate Judiciary
Committee will hold a hearing on "P2P file sharing networks, focusing
on personal and national security risks". Press contact: Margarita Tapia
at 202 224-5225. Location: Room 226, Dirksen Building.
2:30 PM. The Senate Commerce
Committee's Subcommittee of Competition, Foreign Commerce, and
Infrastructure will hold a hearing on reauthorization of the
Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Location:
Room 253, Russell Building.
2:30 PM. The House
International Relations Committee's Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere will
hold a hearing on Radio and Television Marti. Location: Room 2200, Rayburn Building.
|People and Appointments
6/5. Microsoft named Marshall Phelps to be
its new Corporate Vice President and Deputy General Counsel for intellectual
property. Previously, Phelps worked for IBM for 28 years. See,
6/5. The Cellular Telecommunications &
Internet Association (CTIA) announced
the election of officers for 2003-2004: Scott Ford of ALLTEL (Chairman),
Terry Addington of First Cellular
of Southern Illinois (Vice Chairman), Len Lauer of Sprint PCS (Secretary), and
Michael Kalogris of Triton PCS (Treasurer). See, CTIA
6/5. The House Judiciary
Committee held a hearing on the
Department of Justice (DOJ). See, prepared
testimony of Attorney General
6/3. The Business Software Alliance (BSA)
released a study that found that
"The global piracy rate for commercial software has decreased 10 points over the
last eight years, supported by piracy declines in all regions of the world." See, BSA
6/4. The House delayed its consideration of
the "Unlawful Internet Gambling Funding Prohibition Act". The
House Rules Committee will meet on
Monday, June 9, at 5:00 PM to adopt a rule for its consideration.
6/4. Rep. Joseph Pitts (R-PA) spoke in the House regarding
the "Unlawful Internet Gambling Funding Prohibition Act". He stated that
"the offshore casino industry would like us to
think that Internet gambling is a harmless activity that can be tamed by Federal
regulation. The problem is, it cannot happen." He added that "Internet gambling
is illegal according to the Department of Justice and the FBI. However, there is
no effective way to regulate it. The only way to stop it is to cut off the
financial flow through the legal Internet casino industry, and that is what H.R.
2143 does." See, Congressional Record, June 4, 2003, at page H4880.
6/5. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)
and the World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO) will host a three day event titled "Worldwide
Symposium on Geographical Indications" on July 9-11, 2003, in San Francisco, California.
release and WIPO
|About Tech Law Journal
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